Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia)
Juneberry (Western Serviceberry)
In appearance, Saskatoons resemble blueberries with their blue to purple fruits. However, they are more closely related to the apple family and are not berries but are pomes, like apples and pears. They are much more adaptable to climate and soils than blueberries. However, well-drained soil is a requirement. Their flavor is described as a sweet, nutty almond flavor. They are high in fiber, protein and antioxidants. The plants are shrubby, growing from 6 to 25 feet tall with a spread up to 18 feet. Most cultivars are self-fruitful and do not need cross pollination. There are some exceptions (Altaglow) which should be planted with another cultivar. These are hardy plants and can bear fruit for 30 years or more. Some varieties bear fruit for up to 70 years. There is a comprehensive guide for growers available online for more information.
Beginning in 2015, 6 varieties were planted on the station and at other sites around the state.
|Smoky||0.5in.||Very High||15ft. x 15ft.||Profusely||Even Ripening||Round, sweet fruit. high sugar/acid ratio||PT, SM, HB|
|Martin||0.6in.||Medium||10ft. x 13ft.||Moderate||Early, uniform ripening||Excellent flavor||Thiessan parentage||PT, SM|
|Northline||0.6in.||Very High||13ft. x 20ft.||High||Early||Tangy, acidic, fleshy fruit||good for commercial production||PT, SM, HB|
|Lee 3||0.5in.||Good||8ft.||Low||Early||slow growing, intense flavor, few seeds||Thiessan x Pembrina||PT, HB|
|Lee 8||0.6in.||Good||6ft.||Low||Early||slow growing, excellent flavor||Northline x Thiessan||PT, HB|
|JB-30||0.7in.||High||16ft. X 20ft.||Low||Mid-harvest, uniform ripening||juicy, freeze well||SM|